Tourism these days has become a primary source of income for many countries. Yet this development also causes disastrous consequence towards culture and environment in many tourist spots. Why is this happening? What actions can be taken by the government to prevent worse things?
It is noticeable that many countries are attracted to utilize tourism industry in an effort to boost income. However, the possible negative impacts of international visitors are just ignored by the government. Within this financial opportunity, there lie hidden risks that we need to be aware of.
It is difficult to believe that even though most people consider tourism as a positive thing, some people hate it. There is a religion that believes drinking alcohol should not be allowed as it can make people drunk. However, many tourists in Bali go to the night clubs, drink beers, have a party and all kinds of things against rules of the religion. Some people perceive this as negativity due to tourism activities and they want the government to put a stop to this situation. Negative impacts are not only cultural but also environmental, as can be seen in the recent destruction of coral reefs near Raja Ampat area due to sheer number of amateur divers visiting the place in a tourism activity.
The government can and should do much more than just promoting some of Indonesian wonderful islands and beaches to the whole world. The main priority should be focused on creating flexible regulations that allow the tourists to enjoy their stay, yet maintain the pride of locals at the same time. Furthermore, the whole industry needs to start thinking about its long-term feasibility in order to maintain the business. In other words, the eco-tourism mindset should be emphasized early, and later it is all about finding the sweet spot between what is attractive for tourists and what is beneficial for all of us.
To sum up, the responsibility of managing a tourism scheme lies with the government, meaning that rules need to be made stricter as to shield local culture, a certain level of safeguard is needed. It is not demeaning at all to do so; in fact, it is crucial to ensure the sustainability prospect of our environment.