Author: Iswara (page 2 of 18)


Human activity has had a negative impact on plants and animals around the world. Some people think that this cannot be changed, while others believe actions can be taken to bring change. Discuss both views and give opinion.

The global population is increasing every year. This certainly gives an impact on animals in that they may lose their natural habitat and plants can also be endangered. Some people are pessimistic about changing this situation, while some others feel that this situation can be improved.

Looking at the density of several countries in the world today, everyone has the right to worry about the growing population. In some areas, forests have to be cleared to develop residential land, roads and public facilities for humans. As a result, animals that rely on their habitat in the forest are forced to move out. When conflicts occur with humans, it is not uncommon for these animals to be hunted and slaughtered as experienced by tigers and elephants in Sumatra, Indonesia. Likewise, forests in the Kalimantan region are being cleared to make room for new shopping malls and pose a risk of diminishing biodiversity. Some people think this has become a risk of progress; that collateral damage is bound to happen and there is nothing that can be done about it.

On the other hand, environmentalists continually strive to increase public awareness to take steps to protect flora and fauna. Apart from the government to make strict regulations to protect endangered animals, and prevent wealthy business from opening up protected forest area, common people can also take part in improving the situation by preventing illegal slash-and-burn practices. Commitment from both the government and people are needed in any situation that threatens environmental sustainability. In general, we need to use land more efficiently and set clear boundaries in urban development so as not to harm animals.

In conclusion, I disagree if the whole negative impact to plants and animals are inevitable. There are things that can be done to make it better and we ought to take it. We have a moral responsibility to keep the world in good condition for the future generation.



IELTS TASK 1 – 10 Sept 2019

The charts below show reasons for travel and the main issues for the travelling public in the US in 2009.

The bar chart informs five different reasons why people in America travel in percentage while the pie chart informs the shares of six common problems found during the travel in 2009.

Making a commute to and from the work place is the primary reason people travel, with 49% and personal reasons came up nowhere close as the second most popular reason at 19%. Activities such as shopping and recreation were also stated as the reasons at 16% and 10%, respectively. Visiting friends and family members, however, was the least chosen reason at 6%.

Turning to the pie chart, safety concerns, highway congestion, and aggresive drivers made up for 50% of people’s problem with travelling. Cost issue, however, was noted by 36% of population as the leading problem. Minority in the public also complained about access to public transport and space for pedestrians with number clocked at 8% and 6%, respectively.

Overall, while most people stated their going to workplace as primary reason, they also complained about various issues found upon public travel with concern regarding cost had the largest share among others.


Some people believe that a person’s culture is defined by their country of origin, while others believe that has only a minor influence. Discuss both these views and give your opinion. Give reasons for your answer and include only relevant examples from your own knowledge or experience.

The idea that people’s culture is restricted by the impact of their localities is opposed by people who think that culture is resulted from a combination of varied factors. Although both views are supported by convincing arguments, I would lean towards the latter.

Some people think that culture is an apparent set of values that is shared by people in certain geographical area. It means that most people are shaped and therefore are limited by the place where they were born and raised. For example, in Indonesia, people who were born in Palembang have the habit to carry a pocket knife wherever they go. This habit, which was originally meant to be a protection from Sumatran tigers, is unique and exclusive to South Sumatra and has been inherited by the ancestors to today’s parents for many years.

On the other hand, if the impact of technology and modern people’s mobility are also considered, then the meaning of culture is expanded. This gives better reflection towards our community these days. For instance, most children now are busy playing digital video games in their computer or mobile phone. In the past, Indonesian children used to play marble and kite almost every day but these old habits have already gone. Moreover, these days many parents have realised the importance of international education as a key for better career and therefore encourage their children to study abroad. This is a contrast to the generation of parents from twenty years ago who thought good education was a waste of money, hence they never considered this possibility.

In conclusion, I think the definition of culture should reflect today’s society along with all aspects that support it and therefore it can be seen as the result of unlimited interaction among many societies in the world.




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The bar chart compares the male and female involvement both in full-time education and part-time education. The chart is split into two with female data on the right-hand side and male data on the left-hand side while the data is measured in thousands and in three different periods of time.

It can be seen that both female and male number for full-time education increases steadily over the period. There was a slight increase for male in this sector from 1970/71 to 1980/81 followed by a more significant increase to about 250,000 in 1990/91. The female side, however, had a marked increase in 1980/81 and less so in the 1990/91. These figures in 1990/91 for both genders were rather similar.

On the other hand, the number of male attendance in part-time education showed different trend to that of the female. The male had a decline from 1,000,000 in 1970/71 to 850,000 in 1980/81 before bouncing back to 900,000 concluding the period in 1990/91 with an overall downward trend. In contrast, the female figures in part-time education started rather low compared to that of a male when in 1970/71 it started from approximately 720,000. After a slight increase to 820,000 in 1980/81, the numbers of female studying in part-time education soared to about 1,100,000, widening the gap with the numbers of male students in 1990/91.

To sum up, the female numbers in both education type and all period showed a consistent rise, and this was the same for the male trend in full-time education. Nevertheless, the male trend for part-time education concluded a bit differently as it generally showed more of a decline.


Should the international community do more to tackle the threat of global warming?

Global warming has long been recognized as a serious problem by most climate scientists. Governments around the world have begun to take the necessary measures to address it. However, as our understanding of the scale and nature of the problem is still developing, efforts to tackle global warming need to be reassessed from time to time.

Recent evidence suggests that some risk factors associated with climate change may have been overstated. Sea levels are now expected to rise by approximately one metre, not two metres, as previously thought. This is because some glaciers and ice sheets appear to be contracting, the Arctic, for example, while others, such as the Antarctic, appear to be expanding. Also, it is now thought that the Gulf Stream is unlikely to vanish. It may, therefore, be possible to scale back plans for flood defences in coastal areas.

However, there is also evidence that some of the consequences of climate change may have been understated. Tropical forests are now believed to be more vulnerable to drought. Hurricanes and typhoons may become more severe. Greater efforts should therefore be made to protect vulnerable populations, especially in tropical areas. Buildings in storm-prone areas may also need to be re-designed to withstand high winds.

These recommendations, however, address the symptoms of global warming, not the root cause: the generation of greenhouse gases. Whatever the precise scale and nature of the consequences of global warming, they are all undesirable. Clearly, more needs to be done to reduce the burning of fossil fuels. Stricter emissions targets should be set and use of alternative sources of energy encouraged. It would be profoundly irresponsible to do nothing about the causes of global warming.


Increasing numbers of students are choosing to study abroad. To what extent does this trend benefit the students themselves and the countries involved? What are the drawbacks?

Studying abroad has become increasingly common in the last few years, especially for young people from countries such as China and India. Many students and their families clearly consider the experience worth the sacrifices involved. The former often give up friendships when they move abroad; the latter often use their life savings. Moreover, many governments are willing to invest huge sums of money in sponsoring their young people to study in universities overseas. However, this trend has drawbacks as well as benefits for those concerned.

One potential drawback is that the instruction international students receive may not be relevant to their home contexts. For example, students from developing countries who go to Western countries for teacher training are often taught to use teaching techniques that are suitable for small classes. When they return home they are often expected to teach classes of 40 or 50 students. Hence, what they have been trained to do may not be relevant.

Another potential drawback is the phenomenon of ‘brain drain’. Prior to leaving home, they may be fully committed to returning. Nevertheless, students are often at the stage in their lives when they are forming their most important personal and professional relationships. Thus they may choose to remain in the host country on completing their studies.

However, most international students find ways of making the experience work well for themselves and others involved. Most return home, enriched by new friendships made abroad. Furthermore, most find ways of adapting what they have learned to their home context. On balance, the drawbacks do not outweigh the benefits.


Some people think that it is necessary to testing medicine on animals, its intended to human; however, some think that it is not the best way to use animals for testing a medicine.

The use of animals for science purpose has long been debated as people seem to be divided about this particular issue. While others agree that we need to sacrifice animals, some animal lovers, such as PETA, are strongly against this act of cruelty toward animals. This essay will discuss about the two sides in this debate.

The experiments in the science laboratory sometimes need to inject certain animals with particular chemicals to see how it will react in their body. The cause and effect of the chemicals, which later on will be the basis of medicine for people, are seen as a positive way towards the advancement of medical world. If the medicines are not tested, they may give side effects which will be fatal if it is found in the later stage of the development. Hence, why the pharmacy company invest great amount of money to their research and development department so that the medicines are properly tested and safe to be used.

However, people cannot be expected to accept this logic and use it as the basis to harm the animals. People who protect the animals rights tend to see it as a convoluted way for big company to gain money. They do not seem to agree that animals should be sacrificed for medical reasons and they always go on strike on every opportunity to show their disagreement. It seems that the only way to stop their objection is by putting them as a member in the national health council.

In conclusion, I think it is necessary to show to the public that the animals are not treated cruelly and poorly. They are respected and honored and are used for the sake of the advancement of science in general. Overall, the two sides need to meet and solve their difference once and for all.

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